Breast lumps in women, tumor in the chest: what is this, causes, symptoms, diagnostics, treatment, prevention

Breast lump; Breast mass; Breast nodule; Breast tumor

Breast lumps are a common problem among women.. They can be caused by various factors., including benign conditions, such as fibrocystic breast changes and cysts, as well as more serious conditions, such as breast cancer. Understanding, what is a lump in the chest, his reasons, symptoms and when to seek medical attention, is an important step in ensuring your health and well-being.

What is breast compaction?

A lump in the chest is a noticeable mass or swelling in the chest, which is different from the surrounding tissue. Lumps can be felt through the skin or detected with imaging tests, such as mammography or ultrasound. They can be soft or hard., smooth or uneven, and their size can vary from a pea to a golf ball.

Causes of formations in the breast

Tumors in women are most often either fibroadenomas, or cysts, or just normal variations of breast tissue, known as fibrocystic changes.

Fibrocystic changes are painful, lumpy breasts. This is a benign condition, which does not increase the risk of developing breast cancer. Symptoms most often worsen just before menstruation, and then improve after it starts.

Fibroadenomas are benign tumors, that feel like rubber.

  • They move easily within the breast tissue and are usually painless.. Most often they occur during reproductive age..
  • These lumps do not have cancer and do not become cancerous, except in rare cases.
  • The healthcare professional may sometimes suspect, that the tumor is a fibroadenoma, based on inspection. Besides, Ultrasound and mammography can often provide information, to determine, does the lump look like a fibroadenoma.
  • However, the only way to be sure of this is to do a biopsy with a needle or remove the entire tumor..

Cysts are fluid-filled sacs, which often resemble soft grapes. Sometimes they can be painful, often just before menstruation. Ultrasound can determine, is the tumor a cyst. He can also show, is it simple, complex or complex cyst.

  • Simple cysts are just sacs, liquid-filled. They do not need to be removed, they can go on their own. If a simple cyst grows or hurts, it can be aspirated.
  • A complicated cyst has a small amount of debris in the fluid, and can be observed by ultrasound, or fluid can be drained.
  • Complicated cyst looks more alarming on ultrasound. Your doctor may recommend a follow-up ultrasound or needle biopsy. Depending on the results, the cyst may be checked with an ultrasound or removed surgically..

Other causes of breast lumps include:

  • Mammary cancer.
  • Early. Blood may collect and feel like a lump, called a hematoma, if your chest is badly bruised. These bumps, usually, go away on their own within a few days or weeks. If they don't improve, your doctor, perhaps, will have to bleed.
  • Lipoma. This is an accumulation of adipose tissue.
  • Milk cysts (pouches, filled with milk). These cysts can occur while breastfeeding.
  • Breast abscess. This usually happens, if you are breastfeeding or have recently given birth, but can also occur in women, who are not breastfeeding.

Breast lump symptoms

The most common symptom of a breast tumor is a noticeable mass or swelling in the breast.. Some women may also experience soreness, redness or fever in the area of ​​the seal.

When to contact a healthcare professional

If you find a lump in your chest, it is important to seek immediate medical attention.. Your doctor will be able to conduct a physical examination and, if necessary, order imaging studies, such as mammography or ultrasound, to determine the cause of the tumor.

Diagnosis of formations in the chest

The doctor will begin with a physical examination of your breasts and a thorough medical history.. If a tumor is found, he can assign visualization tests, such as mammography or ultrasound, to better examine the tumor and determine its cause. In some cases, a biopsy may be required to take a tissue sample for examination under a microscope..

Treatment of formations in the breast

Treatment for breast lumps will depend on their cause.. If the lump is caused by a benign condition, such as fibrocystic changes in the breast or cyst, Treatment may not be required. In some cases, your doctor may recommend a procedure to remove the cyst or drain it with a needle..

If the tumor is caused by breast cancer, treatment, probably, will include surgery to remove the tumor, followed by additional treatments, such as chemotherapy, radiation therapy or hormone therapy.

Treatment of neoplasms in the breast at home

If your doctor determines, that the tumor in the breast is caused by a benign disease, you can treat it at home with over-the-counter pain relievers and hot or cold compresses.

Prevention of formations in the breast

Although it is impossible to completely prevent the formation of lumps in the breast, there are steps, you can take, to reduce the risk, including:

  • Maintaining a healthy weight
  • Regular workouts
  • Restriction of alcohol consumption
  • Breast-feeding, if possible
  • Regular mammograms and clinical breast examinations

In conclusion, lumps in the chest can be caused by various factors, including benign conditions, such as fibrocystic breast changes and cysts, as well as more serious conditions, such as breast cancer. If you find a lump in your chest, it is important to see a doctor immediately, to determine the cause and prescribe appropriate treatment. It is also important to know the symptoms of breast masses and take steps to reduce the risk., for example, living a healthy lifestyle and having regular mammograms and clinical breast exams.

It is important to remember, that most breast tumors are not cancerous, but it's always better to play it safe and seek medical help, if you have any concerns. Your doctor will be able to provide you with a diagnosis and treatment plan, if necessary, and can help you understand, what can you do, to take care of breast health. With proper care and attention, you can ensure early detection and effective treatment of breast lumps., so that you can enjoy good health and peace of mind.

Used sources and literature

Davidson NO. Breast cancer and benign breast disorders. In: Goldman L, Schafer AI, eds. Goldman-Cecil Medicine. 26th ed. Philadelphia, PA: Elsevier; 2020:chap 188.

Gilmore RC, Just JR. Benign breast disease. In: Cameron AM, Cameron JL, eds. Current Surgical Therapy. 13th ed. Philadelphia, PA: Elsevier; 2020:657-660.

Henry NL, Shah PD, Haider I, Freer PE, et al. Cancer of the breast. In: Niederhuber JE, Armitage JO, Every MB, Doroshow JH, Tepper IS, eds. Abeloff’s Clinical Oncology. 6th ed. Philadelphia, PA: Elsevier; 2020:chap 88.

Klimberg VS, Hunt KK. Diseases of the breast. In: Townsend CM Jr, Beauchamp RD, Evers BM, Mattox KL, eds. Sabiston Textbook of Surgery. 21st ed. Philadelphia, PA: Elsevier; 2022:chap 35.

Core K. Delayed diagnosis of symptomatic breast cancer. In: Bland KI, Copeland EM, Klimberg VS, Gradishar WJ, eds. The Breast: Comprehensive Management of Benign and Malignant Disorders. 5th ed. Philadelphia, PA: Elsevier; 2018:chap 86.

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