Description bursitis

Bursit – inflammation of the bursa. Bursa is a thin tissue, which protects the tendon. Tendons – cloth, that connect muscles to bones. Bursa reduces friction between the tendon and bone, allowing the tendon to glide easily on the bones.

Bursitis most often occurs in the joints of the following parts of the body:

  • Shoulder;
  • Elbow;
  • Knee;
  • Hip.

Бурсит в плече

Causes of bursitis

Acute bursitis may cause:

  • The blow to the seminary;
  • Overvoltage joint (eg, swimming long distances or long ball games).

Chronic bursitis, usually, caused by long-term loads. Constant movement of muscles and tendons caused friction bursa, and it becomes inflamed.

Risk factors for bursitis

Factors, which increase the likelihood of bursitis:

  • Repetitive movements of limbs in sports (eg, swimming, jogging or tennis);
  • Contact sports;
  • Inconvenient sports equipment.

Symptoms of bursitis

Symptoms of bursitis include:

  • Pain in the area of ​​the bursa;
  • Swelling;
  • Erythema;
  • The heat in the area of ​​the bursa;
  • Reduced motor function joint.
  • Reduced motor function adjacent limbs.

Diagnosis of bursitis

The doctor will ask about your symptoms and physical activity. The painful area will be examined. Additionally, it may be assigned X-ray.

Treatment for bursitis

Acute bursitis may include:

  • The minimum movement of the affected area;
  • Applying ice to the painful area;
  • Acceptance of anti-inflammatory drugs;
  • Cortisone injections;
  • Protecting the painful area from trauma.

Treatment for chronic bursitis may include:

  • Cessation of activity, which causes pain;
  • Acceptance of anti-inflammatory drugs;
  • Protecting the bursa from trauma;
  • Physical therapy, including exercise and the use of heat;
  • Cortisone injections;
  • Operation.

Prevention of bursitis

Steps, to help prevent bursitis:

  • Do not overreach in sports and intensive loads;
  • When new kinds of load, gradually increase the duration and intensity;
  • When you exercise, make sure, that you are doing the exercises correctly;
  • Wear protective gear when playing contact sports.

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