Pelvic inflammatory disease – Salpingitis

Pelvic Inflammatory Disease (PID; Salpingitis)

What is pelvic inflammatory disease?

Pelvic inflammatory disease (VTO) It is a serious infection of the female genital organs, which include uterus, ovaries and fallopian tubes. WTO can cause the formation of scar tissue in the pelvis and fallopian tubes. This can lead to infertility, tubal pregnancy, or chronic pelvic pain.

Causes of pelvic inflammatory disease

Pelvic inflammatory disease caused by ingestion of bacteria in the pelvic organs. The most common bacteria, which can lead to WHO – gonorrhea and chlamydia.

Risk factors for pelvic inflammatory disease

Pelvic inflammatory disease is more common in women 15-24 years. Other factors, which may increase the likelihood of WHO include:

  • Have past or present illness, sexually transmitted (STD);
  • Multiple sexual partners;
  • Sexual intercourse with a partner, who has an STD;
  • Having sex without a condom;
  • The recent installation of an intrauterine device (Navy), to prevent pregnancy.

Symptoms of pelvic inflammatory disease

Women with pelvic inflammatory disease are not not always have symptoms. But, if symptoms of pelvic inflammatory disease occur, They may include:

  • Pain in the lower abdomen;
  • Vaginal discharge with an unpleasant odor;
  • Fatigue;
  • Fever;
  • Nausea or vomiting;
  • The soreness during intercourse;
  • Urodynia;
  • Vaginal bleeding.

Diagnosis of pelvic inflammatory disease

Because the symptoms are often absent or very slight, WTO can be difficult to diagnose. For the diagnosis of pelvic inflammatory disease there is no specific test.

If it is suspected WTO, the doctor asks about the symptoms of the disease, as well as sexual intercourse, Partner, and the methods of preventing pregnancy. There will be a physical exam. The pelvic examination is the key to diagnosis of the WTO. It may be sampled tissue and the microflora of the vagina or cervix, which will help in accurate diagnosis.

Tests may include:

  • Culture microflora cervix, to check for STDs;
  • Blood tests, to check for signs of infection and pregnancy;
  • Laparoscopy – through a small incision in the abdominal cavity is inserted a thin tube with a camera and a light source at the end, that allows a visual examination of the reproductive organs.

To take pictures pelvic ultrasound or MRI are used.

Treatment of pelvic inflammatory disease

For the initial treatment of pelvic inflammatory disease used antibiotics. For the treatment of this problem, the doctor may prescribe several types of antibiotics. It is necessary to pass the entire course of treatment, even if symptoms disappear WTO before it ends.

If the symptoms are serious enough, the patient may be hospitalized. The hospital can be assigned to a course of antibiotics through their intravenous. In some situations,, may require surgery, to remove infected or damaged tissue.

If you are diagnosed with pelvic inflammatory disease, Follow your doctor's instructions.

Prevention of pelvic inflammatory disease

To reduce the likelihood of WTO:

  • While having sex, use a latex condom;
  • Talk to your doctor, a method of preventing pregnancy is best for you. Find Out, How can we reduce the risk of the WTO;
  • Call a doctor if you have symptoms of hazardous, such as unusual vaginal discharge or bleeding;
  • Limit the number of sexual partners;
  • Have regular screening tests for STDs.

If you are diagnosed with an STD or WTO:

  • Do not engage in sexual intercourse before completing treatment, disappearance of symptoms;
  • At a reception at the doctor tell about all sexual partners. They should also be examined and, if necessary, to undergo treatment.

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