Systemic lupus erythematosus causes, symptoms, diagnostics – Red systemic lupus treatment

Systemic Lupus Erythematosus (Lupus; SLE; Lupus, Systemic)

What is systemic lupus erythematosus?

Systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) It is an autoimmune disease, which causes inflammation of the joints, tendons, skin, blood vessels and other connective tissues and organs. In SLE the immune system produces antibodies, which attack normal cells and tissues. Of all the forms of lupus, SLE is the most common and most well-known.

Systemic lupus erythematosus causes

The causes of SLE are uncertain. Probably, disease occurs due to a combination of genetic and environmental factors.

Risk factors for systemic lupus erythematosus

Systemic lupus erythematosus is more common in women 20-45 years. It is also more common in people of African descent and Hispanic.

Other factors, which increases the risk of SLE include:

  • Family history;
  • Celiac disease.

Systemic lupus erythematosus Symptoms

Symptoms of lupus can be mild or very tyazhelіmi. Some people affected only part of the body, eg, skin. In other cases, several affected systems and organs. Although the symptoms of lupus can be chronic, the disease often manifests periods.

Common symptoms of lupus can include:

  • Extreme fatigue;
  • Swollen and / or painful joints;
  • Fever without signs of infection;
  • Skin rashes places, exposed to sunlight, especially a rash on the nose and cheeks in a butterfly shape.

Other symptoms may depend on the affected area:

  • The affected skin may become sensitive to light, there is a red or purple rash, or hair loss;
  • Injured muscles can become stiff and weak;
  • The defeat of the stomach and intestines may cause nausea, vomiting or abdominal pain;
  • The defeat of the brain and nerves can lead to mental disorders, such as depression, cramps and pain and numbness in certain parts of the body.

SLE can cause complications during pregnancy, lead to increased symptoms, cause problems with the kidneys or preeclampsia. There is also an increased risk of preterm birth, stillbirth, miscarriage or problems with the development of the baby during pregnancy.

Systemic Lupus Erythematosus diagnosis

The doctor will ask about your symptoms and medical history, and perform a physical examination. The diagnosis of systemic lupus erythematosus is made by external signs and symptoms. The doctor can also rule out other diseases, who have symptoms, Similar to SLE. Gathering information for the final diagnosis of SLE may take some time.

Some of the tests in systemic lupus erythematosus include:

  • Blood tests;
  • Urine;
  • The pictures of internal organs using MRI.

Red systemic lupus treatment

SLE is not curable, with medication and lifestyle changes can reduce the symptoms of the disease. You may also need treatment problems, caused by SLE.

Possible treatment of systemic lupus erythematosus symptoms depend on.

Treatment of systemic lupus erythematosus with medication

There are many different types of drugs, which are used for the treatment of SLE. Examples include:

  • Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs);
  • Antimalarials;
  • Corticosteroids;
  • Formulations for suppressing the immune system;
  • Anti-B cell therapy.

Your doctor may take a combination of drugs.

Preventing outbreaks of systemic lupus erythematosus

Some lifestyle changes can help prevent outbreaks of SLE. Steps, that will reduce the risk of outbreak of systemic lupus erythematosus:

  • Learn the symptoms of acute and consult a doctor if they occur;
  • Immediately begin treating any cuts, skin lesions or infections;
  • Start treating the symptoms of other chronic diseases, caused by SLE;
  • Avoid exposure to the sun;
  • If you smoke, to throw;
  • Eat a healthy diet;
  • Limit emotional stress;
  • Get plenty of rest;
  • Exercise regularly, with a doctor's permission.

Care for chronic SLE

In chronic SLE doctor will develop a program, helps reduce symptoms and damage caused by the disease. It is important to adhere to the prescribed treatment in accordance with the recommendations. Tell your doctor about any changes in health status during treatment.

For patients with SLE is very important emotional support, since the depression in people with chronic diseases is common. Support from family and friends to help overcome psychological problems. If emotional problems continue, You can get counseling or join a support group.

Prevention of systemic lupus erythematosus

Currently there is no method of prevention of systemic lupus erythematosus, as the reason for its existence is unknown.

Back to top button