What is prostatitis?
Prostatitis – swelling of the prostate. Prostate (prostate) – iron men, the size of a walnut, which surrounds the urethra. It generates a secret, containing a variety of chemicals, and is part of semen.
There are four types of prostatitis:
- Acute bacterial prostatitis;
- Chronic bacterial prostatitis;
- Chronic pelvic pain syndrome;
- Asymptomatic inflammatory prostatitis.
Causes of prostatitis
Acute bacterial prostatitis and chronic bacterial prostatitis is caused by infection. The bacteria get into the prostate is usually from the urinary tract or rectum.
Causes of chronic pelvic pain syndrome, and asymptomatic inflammatory prostatitis is often impossible to clearly define. In some patients the cause of the pain can not be found.
Risk factors for prostatitis
Prostatitis is more common in men, that use urinary catheter. Other factors, that may increase the risk of prostatitis include:
- Unprotected sex;
- Fimoz – the inability of the foreskin of the penis head is completely open;
- Ankylurethria (muscular tube, through which urine exits the body outwardly);
- Enlarged prostate;
- History of urinary tract infections.
Symptoms of prostatitis depend on its type. For many people, symptoms may not appear. In other cases, they can appear as another disease.
Symptoms of prostatitis may include:
- The need for frequent and / or urgent urination;
- Pain or burning during urination;
- Difficulty urinating;
- Pain or pressure in the abdomen;
- Discomfort in the penis, rectum or perineum;
- Lower back pain;
- Fever or chills;
- Difficulties эrektsiey.
The doctor will ask about your symptoms and medical history, and perform a physical examination. As part of the medical examination can be carried out a digital rectal examination.
For additional studies used:
- Prostate massage;
- Prostate biopsy.
Prostatitis in men treated
The method of treatment depends on the type of prostatitis:
Treatment of infectious prostatitis
Acute and chronic bacterial prostatitis is treated with oral antibiotics. The course of treatment of prostatitis with antibiotics can last 4-12 weeks. In severe infections, antibiotics can be administered through a drip.
Other medications, to help reduce the negative symptoms of prostatitis:
- Stool softener;
- Anti-inflammatory drugs;
- Alpha-blockers or inhibitors of 5-alpha-reductase, to facilitate urination.
Your doctor may recommend avoiding alcohol and caffeinated drinks.
Treatment of non-infectious prostatitis
If there is a risk or suspected infection, appointed antibiotics. Other treatments, to control the symptoms of non-infectious prostatitis include:
- Alpha-blockers or inhibitors of 5-alpha-reductase;
- Anti-inflammatory drugs, Taki how ibuprofen;
- Warm sitz baths;
- Prostate massage.
Prevention of prostate
To prevent prostatitis:
- We need to practice safe sex. Protect yourself from diseases, sexually transmitted (STD), using condoms;
- As soon you feel the urge to urinate, visit the toilet, to empty the bladder.