Description broken toe
Broken toe – bone destruction toe. The bones in the toes are called phalanges.
Causes of toe fracture
Finger fracture occurs as a result of strong physical effects on bone. Causes of injuries can be:
- Falling to his feet heavy object;
- The pressure on the finger;
- A direct blow to the toe.
Risk factors for fractures toe
Factors, increase the risk of fractures toe include:
- Advanced age;
- Reduced muscle mass;
- Poor diet;
- Contact sports;
- Walking without shoes.
Symptoms of toe fracture
These symptoms, In addition to toe fracture, They may be caused by other disorders. Tell your doctor, if you have any of them:
- Swelling and soreness;
- The stiffness in the affected area;
- The inability to move the leg;
- Bruising in the injured area;
- Numbness or tingling in the toes;
- Visible deformity in the toe area;
- Difficulty walking (sometimes).
Diagnosis of fractures toe
The doctor will ask about your symptoms, recent physical activity, About, how the accident occurred, will examine the toes. Your doctor may perform an X-ray feet, but it is not always necessary.
Treatment of fracture of the toe
Treatment will depend on the, how serious the injury. Proper treatment can prevent long-term complications or problems with the joints of the fingers and feet. Treatment includes:
- Installation of destroyed bone parts in the normal position. Sometimes the routine may require anesthesia or surgery;
- Saving a stationary position until the injured bone healing and complete splicing.
When many fractures of the bone the feet are in the correct position. In case of violation of their position, doctor sets the bone in place. This is usually done without surgery. But, If the fracture is severe, to hold the bones n ht position may need pins or screws, that requires surgical intervention. Sometimes the fracture damaged toe joint, which may also require surgery.
Preparations, which can help reduce inflammation and pain:
- Acetaminophen (paracetamol);
If you have a fracture, Consult your doctor before taking nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs.
- Recreation – Do not participate in sports activities, until the finger is not completely healed;
- Ice – Apply ice or a cold compress, the foot during 15-20 minutes, four times a day for several days. This reduces pain and swelling. Wrap the ice or cold pack in a towel, Do not apply ice directly to the skin;
- Keep the injured leg above heart level for 48 hours (eg, on the pillow). This will reduce the accumulation of fluid and reduce swelling.
Preventing fractures toe
To prevent fractures of the toes:
- Always wear good lying on the foot, supportive athletic shoes when playing sports;
- Wear shoes to protect your feet;
- Eat a diet, rich in calcium and vitamin D;
- Perform exercises to strengthen bones;
- You want to perform strengthening exercises, to strengthen muscles and prevent falls.