Apparent Life-Threatening Event (OTHER)
What is apparent life-threatening event?
The apparent life-threatening event (OZHUS, OTHER) is a set of symptoms in the child, that, if untreated, can lead to the death of a child. Life-threatening symptoms may include breathing problems, livor, choking or nausea. At the time of occurrence of the event may be needed cardiopulmonary resuscitation (SLR).
The causes of apparent life-threatening events
The reasons are not always clear OZHUS. Some possible causes of ALTE may include:
- Digestive problems, such as gastroesophageal reflux disease in infants;
- Neurological problems, seizures such as a child or problems with the functioning of the respiratory center in the brain;
- Breathing problems, such as infections of the lungs or airways blocking;
- Problems with heart, such as an abnormal heart beat;
- Problems with the endocrine system, which produces hormones;
- Metabolic problems, such as hypoglycemia;
- Child abuse.
Risk Factors apparent life-threatening events
Boys and children under the age of one year the risk of higher OZHUS. Other factors, that may increase the risk of life-threatening events obvious infant include:
- Birth to 37 week of pregnancy;
- Респираторный синцитиальный вирус (DAM);
- General anesthesia;
- Power Problems, such as too rapid feeding, coughing or choking during feeding.
Symptoms of apparent life-threatening events
Symptoms may include:
- Respiratory arrest;
- Changes in skin color – baby's skin turns blue, red or pale.
- Changes in muscle tone – muscle is too relaxed or tense;
Diagnosis apparent life-threatening events
The doctor will ask about your symptoms and medical history of the child, including about, when there were symptoms OZHUS. It will perform a physical and neurological exam.
To search for potential causes OZHUS, your doctor may prescribe:
- Blood and urine tests, to find an infection or other problems in body fluids;
- X-rays and ultrasound – They can be assigned to capture images of the internal structures of the body of the child.
Other tests may include:
- ECG – for the study of the electrical activity of the heart and identify abnormal heart rhythm;
- Electroencephalogram – to find abnormal seizure activity in the brain.
Treatment apparent life-threatening events
Consult with your doctor about the best treatment option child. Therapies emergency procedures if necessary, and treatment of the underlying cause OZHUS. If the cause is unknown OZHUS, Treatment includes observation of the child's symptoms.
Emergency treatments for OZHUS
CPR is a vital procedure, and can be executed by physicians, and trained person. The procedure helps to restore breathing and circulation, or help to provide the body with oxygen before the arrival of medical aid.
If the child is at risk of OZHUS, parents need to be trained CPR.
Treatment of the underlying cause of the apparent life-threatening events
If you found the cause of OZHUS, It held its treatment.
Monitoring the condition of the child
Half of the children cause of OZHUS unknown. In this case, it should be monitored condition of the child, by monitoring cardiac and respiratory activity of the child
While there are no obvious methods to prevent life-threatening events.