Neurasthenia relates to a group of mental disorders neuroses. The main manifestations of neurasthenia include irritability, fatigue, inability to concentrate continuous and prolonged physical exertion. Впервые неврастения была описана американским врачом Г.Бирдом в 1869 g.
Pathology develops from a combination of trauma and strenuous work (stress, lack of rest, constant pressure). Also contribute to the development of disease infection, weakening the body's defenses, endocrine disorders, hyponutrition, smoking, alcohol intake, etc..
Neurasthenia - Causes
A key cause of neurasthenia is considered a nervous breakdown as a result of any kind of fatigue.
Other contributing factors:
- bad habits;
- alcohol, etc.. intoxication;
- genetic predisposition;
- lack of vitamins;
- physical overload;
- increased anxiety;
- chronic sleep deprivation;
- frequent stressful situations;
- endocrine disorders.
Neurasthenia - Symptoms
The most common symptom of neurasthenia believe headache. Headache with neurasthenia diffuse and, It occurs more often in the evening. The characteristic features of such pain are pressure on the head, sensation of squeezing head "hard hat". The second most common complaint of patients, associated with neurasthenia - dizziness. A characteristic feature of dizziness in neurasthenia is a sense of rotation in the head. But the feeling of rotation of surrounding objects. Dizziness occurs when the weather changes, physical exercise or excitement. Also in neurasthenia may occur such cardiovascular disorders, as tachycardia, pressing pain in the heart, feeling palpitations, high blood pressure, redness, or vice versa, pale skin.
Dispepsicheskie phenomena: poor appetite, heartburn, belching. Flatulence, heaviness in the stomach, unreasonable diarrhea or constipation. Also, there may be frequent urination, more frequent in rough. Sexual desire is reduced. Men may occur premature ejaculation.
Neurasthenia - Diagnosis
The diagnosis of "neurasthenia" is placed by a neurologist based on the patient's complaints, examination and medical history. Clinical examination doctor should exclude the presence of intoxication, chronic infections or systemic diseases.
Since neurasthenia may develop as a manifestation of organic brain damage (inflammatory diseases, tumor, neuroinfection), для исключения этого диагноза быть назначено КТ или МРТ головного мозга. To evaluate the cerebral circulation - rheoencephalography.
Neurasthenia - Types of diseases
There are clinical forms of neurasthenia:
- hypersthenic form;
- irritable weakness;
- gipostenicheskaya form.
These forms can be shown, as diseases phase flow.
Neurasthenia - Patient action
At the initial stage of the disease the patient can independently deal with manifestations of neurasthenia. For this, primarily, necessary, tidy work and rest. Eliminate the cause of stress or emotional stress. It is also desirable to create for himself a new hobby or hobbies. Or find ways to produce and sources of positive emotions. If the above does not resolve the manifestations of the disease, should seek help from a neurologist or psychotherapist.
Neurasthenia - Treatment
At the initial stage of the disease requires the date correction mode, eliminate the cause of constant stress and emotional tension, general strengthening of the body (good nutrition, fortification, restorative procedures). In severe cases, a patient treatment. For the purpose of treatment used tranquillizers, sedatives (newly passit) and antidepressants, psychotherapy. Forecast favorable treatment.
Neurasthenia - Complications
Neurasthenia usually respond well to treatment and has the most optimistic forecasts, among other neuroses. Often, however, the disease can be transformed into a chronic form, which is difficult to treat.
Neurasthenia - Prevention
The main preventive measure to prevent the development of neurasthenia is to respect the work and rest, avoidance of nervous strain and strong physical exertion, stressful situations, relaxing application techniques. In some cases, to prevent the development of neurosis necessary at the time to replace the type of activity, provide recreation, opportunity to completely disconnect from work.