Leukocytosis: What is this disease, the cause of the, symptoms, diagnostics, treatment, prevention

Leukocytosis is a modified cellular blood, characterized by an increase in the number of leukocytes. The leucocytosis indicate leucocytes more 10 000 in 1 ml of blood, and at low source level-up to 8000-9000 in 1 l.

Leukocytosis can be both a physiological phenomenon, and a symptom of many diseases.

Leukocytosis: the cause of the

Increase in the number of leukocytes physiological cause:

  • Meal
  • Physical work
  • Welcome contrast baths
  • Premenstrual period, pregnancy, delivery
  • Emotional and mental overexertion

Causes of pathological Leukocytosis:

  • Infectious diseases (meningitis, Lymphocytosis, sepsis, Mononucleosis, peritonitis, pneumonia, Phlegmon, etc.)
  • Nemikrobnye inflammatory processes (rheumatoid arthritis, bronchial asthma, Systemic Lupus Erythematosus, etc.)
  • Nemikrobnye heart
  • The loss of a large volume of blood
  • Significant Burns
  • Oncological diseases (In addition to metastasis in bone marrow)
  • Diabeticheskaya coma
  • Renal failure
  • Splenectomy

Leukocytosis: symptoms

Typical symptoms include:

  • Fervescence
  • Discovery of frequent bleeding or bruising education
  • Visual impairment
  • Labored breathing
  • Pain or tingling in the extremities, in a stomach
  • Uncaused weakness and fatigue
  • Vertigo, Sweating, swoon
  • Unnecessary weight loss or poor appetite

Leukocytosis is often listed symptoms, but there are symptoms, that caused an increase in the number of leukocytes.

Leukocytosis: diagnostics

Leukocytosis is diagnosed by a blood test on the level of leukocytes. Besides, the patient undergoes a complete medical examination and, if necessary, shall deliver the other tests to determine the cause of, caused lejokcitoz.

Leukocytosis: types of disease

Distinguish between physiological and pathological leukocytes.

Pathological are the following forms:

  • Neitrofilny. Usually it is due to an increase in the production and/or release of leukocytes from bone marrow into the blood. There has been an increase in the absolute number of cells in the bloodstream. Under certain conditions, an increase in the number of Klebsiella in the 1 ml of blood, not accompanied by changes in absolute in sossoudistom line.
  • Eosinophilic. Called the accelerated production and/or release of eosinophils from bone marrow into the blood. Often this is allergic reactions immediate type, eg, on medication.
  • Basophilic. Associated with increased production of blood basophils. This phenomenon can be observed in allergic reactions, nespetsificheskom yazvennom cars, miksedeme, Pregnancy.
  • Monocytic. This form occurs infrequently. Tuberculosis is observed, brucelleze and some other bacterial infections, as well as in malaria, sypnom tife and other diseases, caused by rickettsia and protozoa. Characteristic of malignant neoplasms, Sarcoidosis, diffuse diseases of connective tissue.
  • Achroacytosis. Observed in certain acute and chronic infections (pertussis, tuberculosis, viral hepatitis, syphilis, Brucellosis), infective mononukleoze.

Leukocytosis: patient actions

When you see the symptoms described above are required to pass a blood test for identifying Leukocytosis.

Treatment of leukocytosis

The treatment depends on the causes of Leukocytosis. Can be used with the following medications:

  • Antibiotics. Applied for the treatment and prevention of bacterial infections, resulting Leukocytosis, as well as to prevent sepsis.
  • Steroids. Are used to remove or reduce inflammation
  • Antacids. Reduce the amount of acid in the urine during treatment of Leukocytosis
  • Drugs to reduce levels of uric acid. This helps prevent the destruction of body tissues, the consequence of which could become a Leukocytosis.

In some cases, treatment for use without Leukocytosis lejkafarez-removal procedure redundant leukocytes.

Resulting from this procedure, lejkocitnyj concentrate pour back the patient or leave it to the donor Center for use by other patients.

Complications of leukocytosis

Effect of Leukocytosis are complications of diseases, causing increased levels of WBCs in blood.

Leukocytosis: prevention

For prevention of Leukocytosis means are applied, improve immunity. Maintain normal blood contributes to a healthy lifestyle and control their own health.


  1. Rogers, Kara, ed. (2011), “Leukocytosis definition”, Blood: Physiology and Circulation, Chicago: Britannica Educational Publishing, p. 198, ISBN 978-1-61530-250-5, retrieved 12 November 2011
  2. TheFreeDictionary > Leukocytosis Citing: Gale Encyclopedia of Medicine, 2008 and The American Heritage Medical Dictionary, 2007
  3. Porth, Carol Mattson (2011), “White blood cell response”, Essentials of Pathophysiology: Concepts of Altered Health States (3rd ed.), Philadelphia: Wolters Klower Health/Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, pp. 64–65, ISBN 978-1-58255-724-3, retrieved 13 November 2011
  4. Zorc, Joseph J, ed. (2009), “Leukocytosis”, Schwartz’s Clinical Handbook of Pediatrics (4th ed.), Philadelphia: Wolters Kluwer/Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, p. 559, ISBN 978-0-7817-7013-2, retrieved 12 November 2011

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