Hyperelastic skin, Ehlers-Danlos syndrome: What's it, causes, symptoms, diagnostics, treatment, prevention

Hyperelastic skin; India rubber skin

Hyperelastic skin is a disease, characterized by excessive elasticity and extensibility of the skin. The skin is usually very soft and velvety to the touch., it can be stretched very easily, without breaking.

Hyperelasticity occurs, when there is a problem with that, How does the body make collagen or elastin fibers?. These are the types of proteins, that make up most of the body's tissues.

Hyperelastic skin is also known as Ehlers-Danlos syndrome. (SED), a rare genetic disorder, which affects the connective tissues in the body, including skin, joints and blood vessels.

Causes of skin hyperelasticity

EDS is a genetic disease, caused by a mutation in one of the genes, responsible for collagen production, squirrel, providing strength and structure to the skin, joints and other connective tissues. There are different types of SED, each of which is caused by a specific genetic mutation.

Other conditions, which can cause slight stretching of the skin, include:

  • Marfan syndrome (genetic disorder of human connective tissue)
  • Brittle bones (congenital bone disease, brittle bones)
  • Elastic pseudoxanthoma (a rare genetic disorder, causing fragmentation and mineralization of elastic fibers in some tissues)
  • Subcutaneous T-cell lymphoma (type of cancer of the lymphatic system, dermal)
  • Aging skin changes, associated with the sun

Symptoms of hyperelastic skin

Symptoms of hyperelastic skin vary depending on the type of EDS a person has.. Some common symptoms include:

  • Very soft and velvety skin, which stretches easily and does not tear.
  • Hypermobility or instability of the joints.
  • Frequent dislocations of the joints
  • Chronic joint pain
  • Fragile blood vessels, that break easily.
  • Easy bruising
  • Poor wound healing
  • Problems with the gastrointestinal tract

When to contact a healthcare professional

If you are experiencing any symptoms of EDS, you should see a healthcare professional for diagnosis and treatment. EDS is a rare disease, which may be misdiagnosed or undiagnosed. If you have a family history of SED, you must tell your doctor, so that he can conduct a thorough examination.

Questions, that your doctor may ask

During the examination, the doctor may ask you a number of questions., to help diagnose SED, including:

  • When did you first notice the symptoms?
  • Do you have a family history of SED?
  • Have you ever had joint dislocations??
  • Do you have gastrointestinal problems?
  • You bruise easily?

Diagnosis of skin hyperelasticity

Diagnosing EDS can be challenging, because the symptoms may be similar to other conditions. Diagnosis is usually based on physical examination, family history assessments and genetic testing. Your doctor may also order imaging studies, such as MRI or computed tomography, to assess joint stability and identify any structural abnormalities.

Treatment of hyperelastic skin

There is no cure for hyperelastic skin, and treatment is aimed at relieving symptoms and preventing complications. Treatment may include:

  • Physical therapy to strengthen muscles and improve joint stability.
  • Medicines for pain, such as non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs)
  • Compression garments to improve blood flow and prevent ruptured blood vessels.
  • Surgery to repair joint dislocations or other structural abnormalities.

Home treatment for hyperelastic skin

In addition to drug treatment, there are several things, which you can make at home, to manage symptoms, including:

  • Wearing protective equipment during physical activity
  • Performing low-impact exercises to improve joint strength and flexibility.
  • Eating a healthy diet to maintain a healthy weight

Prevention of skin hyperelasticity

Since skin hyperelasticity is caused by genetic diseases, there is no way to prevent it. Nonetheless, genetic counseling may be recommended for individuals with a family history of EDS, to help assess the risk of passing the disorder on to their children.


Hyperelastic skin, or Ehlers-Danlos syndrome, is a rare genetic disorder, affecting connective tissues in the body, including skin, joints and blood vessels. Symptoms of EDS can vary, but usually include hyperelastic skin, joint hypermobility or instability and fragile blood vessels. Although there is no cure for SED, treatment is aimed at relieving symptoms and preventing complications. If you are experiencing symptoms of EDS, it is important to see a healthcare professional for evaluation and diagnosis.

Used sources and literature

Islamic MP, Roach EN. Neurocutaneous syndromes. In: Jankovic J, Mazziotta JC, Pomeroy SL, Newman NJ, eds. Bradley and Daroff’s Neurology in Clinical Practice. 8th ed. Philadelphia, PA: Elsevier; 2022:chap 99.

James WD, Elston DM, Treat JR, Rosenbach MA, Neuhaus IM. Abnormalities of dermal fibrous and elastic tissue. In: James WD, Elston DM, Treat JR, Rosenbach MA, Neuhaus IM, eds. Andrews’ Diseases of the Skin: Clinical Dermatology. 13th ed. Philadelphia, PA: Elsevier; 2020:chap 25.

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