Human Papilloma Virus – Genital warts – Genital warts

Description human papilloma virus

Genital warts – growths or bumps, which appear:

  • On vulyve;
  • In or around the vagina or anus;
  • On the cervix;
  • On the penis, moşonke, groin or hips;
  • In the mouth or throat (rarely).

Warts can be raised or flat, one or more, small or large. Some can be grouped and form a similar cauliflower form. This disease is one of the most common sexually transmitted diseases (STD).

Most people are exposed to some forms of HPV at some point in their lives. But not all infected or watch host disease symptoms.

Генитальные бородавки

Causes of genital warts

Genital warts are caused by the human papilloma virus (HPV). Human Papilloma Virus – family more than 80 common viruses. Many types of human papilloma virus cause warts on the skin-safe. These warts often appear on the fingers or feet. Only a few types of HPV, considered, cause genital warts.

Human papilloma virus spreads easily during oral, sexual or anus sex with an infected partner. Two thirds of people, who have sex with a partner, who has genital warts, It also occurs. Warts may appear within a few weeks or months after contact.

Risk factors for genital warts

Factors, that increase the likelihood of the occurrence of genital warts and HPV:

  • Age 15-30 years;
  • Having multiple sexual partners;
  • Women, whose first sexual partner had two or more sexual partners;
  • Sex without a condom;
  • Sex at an early age;
  • Skin contact with an infected partner;
  • In the past, the presence of genital warts;
  • Pregnancy;
  • Smoking;
  • Oral contraceptives.

Symptoms of genital warts

Genital warts are often similar to FIC, raised outgrowth. They are shaped like cauliflower, and often appear in groups. Sometimes warts are hard to see with the naked eye.

In women, the warts can be found in the following areas:

  • The vulva and vagina;
  • In and around the vagina or anus;
  • On the cervix.

Men, warts are less common. If present, they are typically located in the following areas:

  • Penis;
  • Moşonka;
  • Around the anus.

Although warts do not usually cause unpleasant symptoms, You may experience the following complications:

  • Bleeding;
  • Itch;
  • Irritation;
  • Burning;
  • Secondary bacterial infection with redness, pain or pus.

Complications of human papilloma virus


Most HPV strains, that cause genital warts do not cause cancer. But, some strains can cause cervical cancer. Vulvar cancer occurs less often, anus or penis.

For women it is important to do Pap smears, that can detect any HPV, and problems, Associated, including cervical cancer. Recommendations for such screening test:

  • At the age of 21-29 years to do a Pap smear every two years. (When doing sex to achieve 18 years, Pap smear should start at the age of 21 year);
  • At the age of 30 years and older to do Pap smears every three years, If there were three normal Pap test in a row;
  • At the age of 65 years and older you can stop testing, If you have three normal consecutive results, and there was no negative results in recent 10 years;
  • It is necessary to make Pap smears more often, If there are negative results or certain diseases, eg, with a weak immune system, or the last cervical dysplasia or cancer of the cervix.

Pregnancy and birth complications

Genital warts can cause inconvenience during pregnancy, eg, cause problems with urination. Warts inside or near the entrance to the vagina can also block the birth canal during delivery.

Diagnosis of genital warts

Genital warts can be diagnosed as follows:

Visual inspection

A doctor may diagnose genital warts, seeing them. If women meet external warts, the cervix also checked. The doctor may use a special solution, to find damage, that don't have classic signs.

Mazok Papanicolaou

When receiving negative results Pap smear this may indicate the presence of HPV. The doctor prescribes a more accurate tests for the diagnosis of HPV, such as colposcopy.

Kolyposkopiya and biopsy

During colposcopy, the physician uses a special device, to see, is there any warts in the cervix and vagina. To biopsy the physician selects a tissue sample and checks its.

Testing for human papillomavirus type definition

During the analysis for the presence of human papilloma virus, a sample of cells from the kill zone may be checked at certain types of human papilloma virus.

Treatment of genital warts

The course of treatment depends on the size and location of the wart. Treatment helps get rid of the symptoms, but not cure the virus. The virus remains in the body. Warts, or other problems may recur.

Treatment may include:

Local treatments for HPV

Your doctor may recommend one of the drugs, which should be applied on the affected areas:

  • Imiquimod Cream;
  • Resin plants Podofilum;
  • Solution podofiloksa;
  • 5-Fluorouracil cream;
  • Trichloroacetic acid;

A combination of one of these methods of treatment with cryosurgery or laser treatment may increase efficiency.

Krioxirurgija, electrocautery or laser therapy

Methods, that destroy warts, include:

  • Krioxirurgija (freezing);
  • Electrocautery (moxibustion);
  • Laser therapy.

These methods are used on small and large warts, that does not lend itself to another treatment. Large warts can also be removed surgically. For warts, that continue to grow, applies the antiviral drug, called alpha interferon, that can be entered in the wart.

Prevention of genital warts

The only way to prevent the spread of HPV – avoid physical contact with an infected partner.

Latex condoms may help reduce the risk of infection with HPV and genital warts. Condoms do not at 100% an effective method of. They do not cover the entire genital area.

Other ways to prevent infection include:

  • Abstinence from sex;
  • The presence of monogamous relationships;
  • Regular checkups for STDS.

HPV vaccination

The HPV vaccine, a series of three injections, Enter girls aged 11-12 years, to prevent cervical cancer and genital warts appearance. If a woman has not grown to 26 years, She can get the so-called tour (dogonjajushhuju) vaccinated.

The vaccine may also be used in men aged 9-18 years, to reduce the risk of genital warts.

Special instructions

Genital warts are very rarely occur in children. Their appearance may indicate sexual abuse.

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