Frequent urination: What's it, causes, symptoms, diagnostics, treatment, prevention

Frequent or urgent urination; Urgent urination; Urinary frequency or urgency; Urgency-frequency syndrome; Overactive bladder (OAB) syndrome; Urge syndrome

Frequent or urgent urination is a condition, in which you feel a strong and sudden urge to urinate and have to go to the toilet more often, than usual. This condition can be caused by a variety of underlying medical problems., therefore it is important to seek medical attention, if this condition persists or if you develop any other unusual symptoms.

Frequent urination – what is this?

Frequent urination is a condition, in which the urge to urinate occurs abruptly and frequently. This can lead to, that the person will need to use the toilet more often, than usual for him. The person may also experience a sense of urgency and discomfort., regardless of Togo, how full is the bladder. This condition may be caused by cold weather., certain medicines, infection or other diseases.

Reasons for frequent urination

Frequent urination can be caused by a variety of problems.. It can be caused by such conditions, as:

  • Urinary tract infection (IMP)
  • Stones in the kidneys
  • Enlarged prostate
  • Diabetes
  • overactive bladder (GMP)
  • Pregnancy
  • Medicines
  • Caffeine
  • Alcohol
  • Some Products

It's important to talk to your doctor, if you experience frequent or urgent urination, as this may be a sign of an underlying disease.

Frequent urination symptoms

The main symptom of frequent urination is a strong urge to urinate more often., than usual. These urges may be accompanied by other symptoms., such as discomfort, abdominal pain, burning during urination, cloudy urine or unusual color of urine.

When to contact a healthcare professional

It is important to see a doctor, if you experience frequent urination, as this may be a sign of an underlying disease. You should also see a doctor, if you experience any of the following symptoms along with frequent or urgent urination:

  • Pain with urination
  • Blood in the urine
  • Abdominal pain
  • Nausea or vomiting

If you are pregnant and experience frequent or urgent urination, you should contact your doctor immediately.

Questions, that your doctor may ask

When you visit your doctor to assess your symptoms, they may ask you the following questions::

  • How often do you urinate?
  • Is there pain when urinating?
  • Do you have other symptoms?
  • Do you feel the urge to urinate at night?
  • Do you have other diseases?
  • Are you taking any medication?
  • You use alcohol or drugs?

Your doctor may also do some tests., to determine the cause of your frequent or urgent urination.

Diagnosis of frequent urination

The doctor will ask you a series of questions, and also can do some tests, to help diagnose the cause of frequent urination.

Tests, which can be fulfilled, include:

  • Analysis of urine
  • Urine culture
  • Cystometry or urodynamic study (measurement of pressure in the bladder)
  • Cystoscopy
  • Nervous system tests (for some pressing issues)
  • US (eg, Abdominal or pelvic ultrasound )

The doctor may also conduct a physical examination, to check for signs of infection or other illnesses.

Treatment for frequent urination

The right treatment for frequent or urgent urination depends on the underlying cause.. In most cases, treatment involves lifestyle and dietary changes., to help manage or reduce symptoms. Treatment may also include medications, such as antibiotics, to treat any infection. In severe cases, surgery may be required.

Home treatment for frequent urination

If you suffer from frequent or urgent urination, there are several home treatment options available, that can help reduce or manage symptoms. These include:

  • Drink plenty of fluids. Drink plenty of water and other fluids, such as herbal teas, to reduce the urge to urinate and prevent dehydration. However, avoid caffeine, alcohol and artificial sweeteners, as they can make symptoms of frequent or urgent urination worse.
  • Pelvic floor exercises. Pelvic floor exercises, also known as Kegel exercises, help strengthen the muscles around the bladder. It may help reduce the frequency of urination.
  • Avoid Triggers. Avoid foods and drinks, that, as it is known, cause frequent or urgent urination. These may include caffeinated drinks and alcoholic beverages.. Besides, foods high in sugar or spices may cause symptoms.
  • Sauna or hot tub. Sauna or hot bath can reduce the urge to urinate.
  • Elimination of constipation. Constipation may increase symptoms of frequent or urgent urination. Check, that your diet has enough fiber and water, and take a laxative if needed.

Prevention of frequent urination

There are several ways to prevent frequent or urgent urination.. These include:

  • Drink plenty of fluids. Drink plenty of fluids during the day, to keep your bladder healthy.
  • Limit caffeine and alcohol intake. Avoid drinking too much caffeine and alcohol, as they can irritate the bladder and worsen symptoms.
  • Avoid sugary drinks. Avoid sugary drinks and artificial sweeteners, as they can irritate the bladder.
  • Eat foods, rich in fiber. Eating foods, rich in fiber, such as fruit, vegetables and whole grains, helps relieve constipation and prevent frequent or urgent urination.
  • Physical exercise. Regular exercise helps strengthen bladder muscles, reduce stress and prevent frequent or urgent urination.
  • Quit smoking. Smoking can irritate the bladder and make symptoms worse. Quitting smoking can help reduce symptoms.

Finally, if you experience frequent or urgent urination and are unsure of the cause, you should see a doctor as soon as possible, to make a correct diagnosis and make sure, that you are receiving the right treatment.

Used sources and literature

Conway B, Phelan PJ, Stewart GD. Nephrology and urology. In: Penman ID, Ralston SH, Strachan MWJ, Hobson RP, eds. Davidson’s Principles and Practice of Medicine. 24th ed. Philadelphia, PA: Elsevier; 2023:chap 18.

Rane A, Kulkarni M, Iyer J. Prolapse and disorders of the urinary tract. In: Symonds I, Arulkumaran S, eds. Essential Obstetrics and Gynaecology. 6th ed. Philadelphia, PA: Elsevier; 2020:chap 21.

Reynolds WS, Cohn JA. Overactive bladder. In: Party AW, Dmochowski RR, Kavousi LR, Peters CA, eds. Campbell-Walsh-Wein Urology. 12th ed. Philadelphia, PA: Elsevier; 2021:chap 117.

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